In a library tucked away in a genteel part of London, a secret archive is being opened to the public for the first time in 70 years. Inside are tens of thousands of documents, some dating back to the closing years of World War Two. But what they reveal about the Holocaust could change history as we know it.
Back in 1943 the world was in the grip of a terrifying war. But with Allied troops winning several battles against Adolf Hitler’s forces, an end to the killing was finally in sight. Against this backdrop, the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) was formed.
Predating the formation of the United Nations by two years, the commission was established to assist in bringing war criminals around the world to trial. Although the UNWCC did not get involved in prosecutions itself, it gathered evidence against alleged offenders and reported it to the relevant governments – aiming to ensure that a fair trial ensued.